Blackjack is the most popular card game among novices and professional players alike. The reason for this is very simple. On the one hand, Black Jack rules are clearly understandable and quick to learn, on the other hand, you have a profitable advantage over the house. As a player, you can play a wide variety of strategies and decide individually how to behave during the game. The dealer, on the other hand, has to abide by certain rules and is thus restricted in his actions. In other words, the opponent’s decisions in Black Jack are predictable.
What is the classic structure of Black Jack?
As already mentioned, the aim of Black Jack is to reach a card value of 21 with the cards dealt by the croupier. The individual values of the cards are added together.
To open the game, you place your bet and receive the first two cards. These are revealed face up by the dealer. The croupier himself also receives two cards, but only reveals one of them. Now you can decide whether you want another card, which is called a “hit”. If you do not want to receive another card, this move is called “Stand”.
The choice of whether or not to ask for another card is based on two starting points: On the one hand, it is a question of one’s own card value and, on the other hand, of what the croupier might have in terms of added card value. For it is primarily a matter of having a higher card value than the dealer – and at the same time not being above 21. If you land over 21, you score a “bust” and lose the game.
A simple example: You get two cards to open the game. One shows a 7, the other a 5, so the total card value is 12. The croupier turns over only one of his two cards and has a 10. Now you have to ask yourself: Does it make sense to ask for another card, or do you think that the croupier will be below your own card value with the second card, or that he will be above 21?
The rules “hit” and “stand” are not only relevant for the player. The dealer must also follow them. However, he is not allowed to decide freely. The standard rule for the dealer is as follows: If the croupier has a hand with a total of 16 or less, he must draw more cards. He therefore makes a “hit”. He must do this until he reaches a total of 17 to 21, or else overbids.
If, on the other hand, the dealer has a total of 17 or more, he may not draw any further cards. He therefore decides to “stand”.
You should always read up on the rules for the croupier in the respective online casinos before the first game. In some cases, these may differ slightly.
The Black Jack card values
According to the official rules, the card values in Black Jack are distributed as follows:
- The cards 2 – 10 have the respective value according to their number.
- Jack, Queen and King have the value 10.
- Aces are worth either 1 or 11.
Typical mistakes made by Black Jack beginners
No matter how enthusiastically you approach the game of blackjack, certain mistakes have been made by others before you. You don’t have to make them again. A brief overview minimises the risk of playing too quickly and possibly naively:
You should always inform yourself about the existing table rules. Since they sometimes differ depending on the provider, it is possible to lose money because you did not know some of the requirements.
You should never let yourself be influenced by the way other players play. This can happen especially if you sit to the right of the dealer at the table. In this position, you are always the last to make a decision and can quickly be swayed from your actual strategy.
As a beginner, you should set a budget and then look for a table where the maximum bet is no more than 5% of the budget. This is a simple way to minimise the risk of losing too much.
You should never copy the dealer’s way of playing – otherwise you run the risk of overbuying.